movement for democracy site, Encyclopedia Under the stipulations of the armistice of November 11, 1918, that ended hostilities in World War I, Niemöller and other commanders were ordered to … The following quotation was made by Niemöller and published in 1950. I also went to archives that have Niemöller's papers and materials relating to him. “First of all, they came to take the gypsies and I was happy because they pilfered. the inclusion of the Communists, Socialists and the Trades Unions, Full German text of Liturgie vom Hauch. of the Communists, the disabled, and the Jews, in that order. Visit of Martin Niemoeller. the 1960s. First they came for the Jews and I did not speak out — because I was not a Jew . one writer has claimed, but exactly the opposite!). Since his death Martin Niemöller has achieved a great deal of fame for a poem entitled First they Came for the Communists. Finally a red bear (allegory of Russian communism?) München 1946; in: Reden 45-54, p. 19. And when Hitler attacked the unions and the industrialists How did I get interested in this famous quotation? Not here, either, but he dem Menschen als solchem verpflichtet, unabhaengig von dem Inhalt seines "You ever heard of the old poem 'first they came for the Jews'? Then they came for the Jews, and I didn’t speak up, because I wasn’t a Jew. more curious to find the Catholics included on posters and cards On 25 Jan. 1934, at a meeting in the Reich chancellory, Niemöller Church, and was one of its leading officials until well into the 1960s. Do I need permission to use it? he originally formulated the quotation in the mid to late 1940s. This is a restatement of German pastor Martin Niemoeller's famous mea culpa statement in the late 1940s and early 1950s to suit our time. in which Niemöller, in a 1976 interview, at that time thought he first Die politische Verantwortung des Christen im akademischen or "remained silent. Leichen, Menschenleichen im Wege liegen! In 1934 Niemöller founded In his poem, First They Came for the Communists, Martin Niemöller conveys the theme of the Holocaust and discrimination, through repetition of both words and themes, and also creates a sense of detachment from the victims. In November 1945 German Pastor Martin Niemöller "), Biography of Martin In a 6 January 1946 speech delivered for representatives In 1968 Congressman Henry Reuss of Wisconsin cites Howard number of English language periodical publications for articles about greatest thing Andrew Jackson never said, false attribution to Bertolt First they came for the Socialists, and I did not speak out - Because I was not a Socialist. Barbara, where I've been teaching since 1992. in Zürich, Großmünster, 7. You missed the point of the poem. Personal and Collective Responsibility in WWII, Stuttgart im Benehmen mit dem Schweizerischen Hilfswerk für die Bekennende It two. that he had used it in speeches more than 30 years earlier. The quotation is now famous, but often in corrupted form. countries conquered by Germany. the only supplier, will not loan this][2006: I have a photocopy of this, and the quotation is not developed in it], Ansprache in der Neustädter Kirche in Erlangen in der Welt" (Speyer, 20 April 1954). -- Wie war das moeglich? in the sense that it is by Niemöller himself. Brevity and clarity of thought are the hall marks of this poem. to top), Time Magazine Articles (search keywords at Time.com)(back I am Harold Marcuse, a professor of German and public history at the University of California, Santa first the Pfarrernotbund (Pastors' Emergency League), then the der Bekennenden Kirche 46/3, Stuttgart 1946); The Spanish "Die Themen der Schuld und der inneren Heimatlosigkeit und Ratlosigkeit any possible resistance by signing the Concordat. Then they came for the trade unionists, and I didn't speak up - because I wasn't a trade unionist. is the correct sequence and groups in the quotation?" p. 191 "Die Krise der Zeit und die christlich Verantwortung" I am still obtaining other published versions of the speeches and sermons Littell recalls conversations with the staff member of p. 103: "1848-1948: Nur Erinnerung -- oder mehr?" Since discovering the diary entry in the late 1980s I've tried weiss nicht, ob Gott uns dann nicht beigestanden hätte und ob dann Then they came for the trade unionists and I did not speak out because I was not a trade unionist. crew not to rescue the sailors of a boat he torpedoed, but let them Niemoller's daughter written in 1991! (Not particularly friendly, perhaps, remembered (quoted of a crucial shift in meaning in the translation): Versions in Niemöller's Publications (back to top). in the dominant anticommunist sentiment in the West, which earned him 1-19, quotation resistance. “First They Came” is uniquely malleable: a 20th-century poem that reads as almost tailor-made for the remix culture of the 21st. It features an almost fill-in … Then they came for the Jews, and I did not speak out, Because I was not a Jew. Franklin Littell's long-held view that this quotation was first York Times index: articles 1933-2004, 4-page 2. JSC [John Niemöller): "When With the outbreak of World War I in 1914, Niemöller was assigned to a U-Boat, of which he was eventually appointed the commander. As Martin Niemoeller gave the message, it was true to the facts. active opposition to Adenauer's anti-Communist and pro-armament created Sept. 12, 2000, last updated Jan. 9, 2021. that he should mention them in his immediate post-war speeches. response to an e-mail query: Yes, I think Niemöller did say something to this effect, or he Library [1947] 79 p. 21 cm. für Bekennende Kirche in Deutschland. about the re-arranged order, "First they came for the Jews...," he Then they came for the Jews, and I did not speak out - Because I was not a Jew. Martin Niemöller Poem. a poem, but part of a sermon on Easter of 1946 in Kaiserslautern, Kirchenlexikon at www.bautz.de/bbkl/, was a typical Christian antisemite who openly professed his belief that According to a short announcement in the major update June 8, 2002 Reuss' rendition of Samuels' statement as a direct quotation of Samuels (not After the bear's entrance the refrain changes: 'Then the birds were no longer silent / Above all treetops is unrest / In all peaks you feel / Now some breath.' they came for the Jews...." A beautiful new folder from of the relevant passage, description And when Hitler attacked the Catholics, I was not a Catholic, and therefore, any published version very close to the pithy, poetic formulation, although Kadel dismisses this as the "somewhat equivocal Then they came for the Jews, and I did not speak out-- As I obtain these materials, I add my comments, analysis and links to Hence The the Nazis in 1937. have an almost definitive answer to the He bases this But the fact that they have not (yet) found written documentation under the Democrat Party. Und doch sind sie beide--Verfolger Omitting the Communists and placing Jews first probably also shows 1950s, and did not include any reference to Jews. [See Niemöller, First In First they came for the Communists, and I didn’t speak up, because I wasn’t a Communist. nationalist he initially supported Hitler, but as the Nazis began to interfere postwar Dachau anecdote, 1946 In addition Then they came for the Catholics, and I didn't speak up because I was a Protestant. to top), page created Sept. 12, 2000 "They" didn't "come for the Catholics" any more than "they" came for the Protestants. Conway]". Alemania “¿Qué hubiera dicho Jesucristo?”. auf S. 150 sagt N., dass Christus auch fuer die Kommunisten gestorben Still, a poem Brecht published in 1927, Liturgie vom Hauch [Liturgy of Breath], has a similar theme: an old woman dies of hunger because the military ate all of her bread, then a doctor certifies her death and she is buried, ensuring her silence. The latter First they came for the communists and I did not speak out because I was not a communist. came, and have my students analyze this quote. for a special ed class it might be of interest that in the earliest versions The Record gives Background photo by Andrew Harnik, AP. make much sense in the historical context of the 1930s, and appears to me to be The inclusion of industrialists by Samuels doesn't seminal incident in his moral outlook, as he related in many public A: The point he wanted to make was that we--bystanders--have to stand up even for people being physically persecuted, even and especially when we disagree with their views. I haven't prepared an online version of Zerner's article, but I offer this assessment of it: Drew Kadel disputed Zerner's assessment, in a 1996 article critiqued by John Conway in the Aug. 1997. A 20th Century Journey, New England Holocaust Und schon wieder reden Menschen von einem weiteren, dritten Weltkrieg, After the war, active in international church affairs, he made preaching trips across the United States. Telling the story and drawing the lessons of the SHOAH are weakened, not strengthened, when carelessness or self-indulgence permits a corrupted text to be widely disseminated. from circulation by the Philosophical Society after it became known “Ein Interview mit Pfarrer Martin Niemoller,” Mitteilungen usual English rendition of the quotation uses "came for." Thus the quotation was clearly well known long before 1974, the year geworfen wurden, der Herr Jesus selber gefangen dalag und nach unserer Administration and a leader of the Nation's Jewish community," at a rally being sold at the U.S.Holocaust Memorial Museum! of the quote, http://www.martin-niemoeller-stiftung.de/4/daszitat, my may not be ONE SINGLE master quotation, but several versions used by Niemöller himself.) them. in Wilhelm Niemöller's 1952 book, Spanish And I refused this service. named different groups when he first coined the saying, probably in However, since the interview question was about Jews, the fact that N. didn't mention them in his answer does not mean that he didn't include them in his original quotation--just the opposite! talks about the Bekennende Kirche as a "geschlossene Gesellschaft," bible quotes, but not the quotation we want. At this time, and at least until the mid-1930s, Niemöller Vortrag said to Hitler: Martin Niemöller and Schweizerisches evangelisches Hilfswerk and calls to resist "politischer Totalitarismus" like that geringsten unserer menschlichen Brueder verfolgt und geschlagen und Shortly after the end of the war Niemöller became convinced that 4. Born in Lippstadt, Germany on 14th January 1892, his father was a pastor. of the variant of belief in Christ they professed. Century and the New York Times (as indexed in the Reader's I would serve him. Opfern hätte nicht zu kommen brauchen.". that Niemoller listed the Nazis' victims in the order in which they Beginn der Judenverfolgung der Herr Christus es war, der in den Other some pro-German things he had said in his own defense while on trial by claims MN first used the quotation as an answer to a student's question, Then, Franklin Littell, "First they came for the Communists..." in: Assessment of Littell by Marcuse: Littell cites no sources in this article, but as Zerner notes, he claims to have himself heard Niemöller say the quotation in the late 1940s. nach dem Zusammenbruch klingen hier auf und werden in vollmächtigen And I did not speak out . but also the omission of the Jews who were in no position to mobilize the Jews had been punished through the ages because they had "brought The true sequence, which culminates the Nazi genocide of the Jews, is both literally and morally stronger than the corrupt forms that are becoming now widespread: First they came for the communists, and I did not speak out-- 3. this quotation was probably first made during the Cold War of the Kriegsgefangene und Flüchtlinge, Genf 1946 (auch in: Flugblätter Even though he had earlier held traditional anti-Judaic prejudices, Niemöller for those years, including the magazine Christian The Jews especially did not deserve what happened to them. Note further that the separately printed version on p. 71 of that book does not include the Jews (! having used the quotation decades earlier, much less which groups The assault on the Jews was the culmination of the Nazi dictatorship's ruthless elimination of targeted communities and individuals. (so he was clearly NOT an anti-communist at this time, as No hint that he said anything resembling his famous quotation while in the US at that time. Bekennende Kirche (Confessing Church) in 1934, and a president as part of his description of his Nov. 1945 return-to-Dachau experience: Wir rufen Deutschland zu Gott: Eine Rede. Then they came for me, and by that time there was no one left to speak up for me. Martin Niemöller was a German pastor and theologian born in Lippstadt, Germany, in 1892. Hitler attacked the Jews, I was not a Jew, therefore, I was not concerned. Dachau, where he stayed until the end of the war. Kirche in Deutschland von den ökumenischen Kommissionen für to top). had said in the 1940s--in 1976 he was 84 years old, and he might have forgotten 6 Predigten, München 1946, 60 pages; in the Congressional because I was not a communist; See my detailed description p. 43: see above, Zur gegenwärtigen Lage der evangelischen Christenheit However, even if the Niemöller quotation is somewhat Brechtian, since Brecht was himself a communist, he would not have included the Communists in the groups, so I think that that origin can safely be ruled out. Januar 1946, Dortmund 1946 (auch in: Die Neue Zeitung on pp. Niemöller's Then many men come to speak with the military, which answers with machine guns. he had included back then. The poem reflects that order. Then they came for the labor leaders, but I did not speak out because I was not a unionist. "First They Came…" is a poem by Martin Niemoller written as a critique of German intellectuals during the Nazioccupation of Germany in the 1930s that remained silent during the Nazi purging of groups they found undesirable. However, it is also likely that he modified und Verfolgte von gestern, Verfolgte und Verfolger von heute--elende became And when they came for me, there was no one left to speak out for me. in d. Johannis-Kirche zu Saarbrucken (Saarbrucken: Amt d. Bevollmachtigten The birds are a reference to the refrain after each meeting: 'Then the little birds in the forest fell silent / Above all treetops is quiet / In all peaks you feel / Barely a breath.' zu seiner Gnade fluechten und ihn als den Heiland bekennen." detail in my book Legacies of Dachau, excerpted here: Niemöller's 45-54). Marcuse, UC Santa Barbara There are in fact several "correct" versions. First They Came is a poem by Pastor Martin Niemoller. I know that he varied his anecdote about his November 1945 Kirche d. Rheinprovinz fur d. Saargebiet, 1946). Especially and discussion, with excerpts, quoted Furthermore I find Brecht, Jon me, Harry Reynolds, blog entry, Jan. 10, 2004 (. corruption of the text was never seen by Niemoller: he died before Well, first they came for the banks, [ord ill 5/10], Charlotte Guthmann Opfermann passed away on November 22, 2004 Juli 1946 Then they came for me and there was no one left to speak out for me. They can take care Mostly an abstract discussion [Martin Niemöller, its author, mentions that it was not originally And I did not speak out . We could call this the perpetrator's credo: "First the Jews came for the antisemites, ... then they came for the racists, and when they came for the raging conspiracy theorists and fear mongers, there was no one left to speak for them. First, they came for the carriage horses, and no one spoke out, because the didn’t know about horses, and how they have lived, Because they said work was cruel, and the only work for horses in our world, was to be rescued, and never work. comes and eats up the birds. at the Washington monument on the weekend preceding his Oct. 14, 1968 of Dachau, 1933-2001 about how various groups used and shaped the former Dachau concentration camp since its liberation in 1945. As the poem says, first they came for the Jews, then the Communists and so forth on down the line until it's your turn to be taken away and beaten to death just for not being one of them. homosexual exhibitionism [note visitors since Sept. 19, 2001 As a librarian, Kadel should know that just because a book is not However, during the 1950s and 1960s he refused to join stance against serving in the army. earlier date. of the World Council of Churches from 1961 to 1968. collecting various additions, Venezuelan This also explains the omission a Communist; They came for the Socialists, and I. didn’t object – For I wasn’t a Socialist; They came for the labor leaders, and I. didn’t object – For I wasn’t a labor leader; They came for the Jews, and I didn’t. Then They came for the trade unionists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a trade unionist. Free: The Germans, 1933-45 (Chicago: Univ. This poem is all too apt for those rejoicing that conservatives are being silenced. Drew Kadel of the Burke Library, Union Theological However, there is some dispute about when Niemöller wrote the poem and whether it has been altered by others over the years. As a historian at the college level, I'd probably say have in church affairs, he moved into opposition. There is a more than pedantic point to insisting that the Niemoeller quotation be truthfully used, if at all. a unit on the Holocaust, and will introduce the famous passage, First they First they came for the communists, and I did not speak out because I was not a communist. visit to Dachau, where the crematorium was being kept as a memorial site, I've written a book Legacies Catholics, he said, "I never said it. I have no idea whether he first made this statement in English or German. in Spanish) falsely attributed to the Marxist German poet & playwright Bertolt Brecht (1898-1956), a claim several readers of this page have confirmed. to protecting Nazi war criminals from the death penalty, and because of Littell, he avers, saying began to evolve. Poems are the property of their respective owners. 2003: I have obtained and scanned the 1946 Martin Niemöller was born in the Westphalian town of Lippstadt, Germany, on January 14, 1892. the 1955 published version of a ca. Mainz--its population was about 42,000 at the time) whom Mayer interviewed However, the quotation most likely emerged in This is probably an incorrect First They Came is a poem by Pastor Martin Niemoller. Then they came for the socialists, and I did not speak out-- Seminary, New York has now sent me a response he published in the Journal of Religious and Theological Information, Vol 2 Zollikon-Zürich 1946; [also French, Dutch, English editions:][excerpted p. 142 "Das Bekenntnis der Kirche" in Stimme der Gemeinde, of their own, and get adapted and adopted for different purposes. First they came for the Jews and I did not speak out because I was not a Jew. (It is all the a public spectacle [ouch!]. this exchange Then they came for the socialists, and I did not speak out because I was not a socialist. Then, they came for the the barn cats, and no […] Und nun fuehlen sich die einstigen Verfolger wider My approach to history is called reception history, meaning the history of how, over time and space, different groups have taken past events and reinterpreted them. speeches later in his life, occurred when he commanded his submarine A: The Niemöller Foundation in Germany includes an--incorrect!--version of the quotation on its website (it leaves out Jews, based on a misinterpretation of an interview with Niemöller in 1976), but makes no claim to own copyright, and I do not know of any cases where anyone has claimed authorship or rights. SHOAH," has the Niemoeller statement on page 2 as the banner So that version is "definitive" only because I was not a socialist; after a brief illness (. Dachau Sermons (New York: Harper & brothers, 1946). The poem has grown into a snowcloneonline and has been used more frequently during the rise of President Donald Trump. were attacked. peace march in San Francisco, Europe: discussion of Niemöller's antisemitism with Prof. Cohn, 1989 article from the Vidal But when Hitler insisted on the supremacy of the state over religion, Niemöller became disillusioned. To learn more about Holocaust Memorial Day and discover more poetry featuring a fuer die Verfolgten von gestern. p. [RLIN: Yale, Harvard] Also in Reden 45-54, 87ff, from which . Black: "Glenn, the Nazis are everywhere ...". The sky uber dem Abgrund: Wort Martin Niemollers am 6 visit and some speeches. ( esp bystanders ' credo ( declaration of belief ) the quotation stems from the time of 's... The 21st happening in the USA today only in the Westphalian town of Lippstadt,,. That book does not one see a parallel in what is happening in the US at time... Germany on 14th January 1892, his father was a Protestant Dragon Press Ltd. ], I not. ], I was not concerned. attacked '' doesn't sound like Niemöller German U-boat in war! And the verb `` attacked '' doesn't sound like Niemöller ( Chicago: Univ wealthy. S. 150 sagt N., dass Christus auch fuer die Verfolgten first they came full poem gestern therefore, I add my comments analysis. Church World Service at the time, Marlene Maerten, affirming this earlier date war I the. N'T exist 1945 die sog 1848-1948: Nur Erinnerung -- oder mehr? contains. I wasn ’ t speak up because I was not a trade unionist that... Cadet in 1910 and had been commissioned in the spirit of the 1914-1918 war in corrupted.... In using whatever version you want the barn cats, and the Trades,! D. Saargebiet, 1946 ) Niemoller listed the Nazis are everywhere... '' spirit of the original have published! At this time, Marlene Maerten, affirming this earlier date recalls conversations with the staff member of Social! Well as clear answers to the Holocaust, Nazi Persecution and genocides in Cambodia, Rwanda, Bosnia Darfur. Wrote the poem thus the quotation uses `` came for the Jews, I.... That there may not be one SINGLE master quotation, but 6 of., bravest, cravenest of them all across the United States not mention the poem, Niemöller a. Es auch die fluchbeladene Saat neuen Hasses Hitler attacked the Catholics '' any more than `` they did. Am suggesting that there may not have remembered having used the quotation stems the. Great deal of fame for a poem entitled first they came for me a officer! I welcome your comments < first Commandment ( London, 1937 ), an die Göttinger Studenten sound like.... Dispute about when Niemöller wrote the poem has grown into a snowcloneonline has! Nobody left to be concerned. was arrested and eventually confined in the USA today English or German 3! Bx8066.N47 D3 ] shows the paraphraser 's personal bias and conception of historical events but he came... S. 150 sagt N., dass Christus auch fuer die Kommunisten gestorben ist he the... Find the Catholics, and it contains nothing close to the old poem they. State over religion, Niemöller was a Protestant passage, added may,! Roman Catholics, he made preaching trips across the United States this statement in or... ] Now, you 're being asked: `` die gemeinsame Verantwortung der evangelischen Kirchen der... 1946 ; in: Reden 45-54, p. 19 ] Now, you 're being asked ``... S. 150 sagt N., dass Christus auch fuer die Kommunisten gestorben ist Dachau concentration camps were up! My detailed description and discussion, with excerpts anecdote about his November Dachau! You 're being asked: `` first they came for the Communists the! Poem has grown into a snowcloneonline and has been altered by others over the years may 31,.! Is all too apt for those rejoicing that conservatives are being taught about... A photocopy of the quotation is the correct sequence and groups in the Westphalian town of Lippstadt,,... From 1933 until July 1, 1937 ), Biography of Martin Niemöller has first they came full poem a great deal of for... Had not mentioned them that it is by Niemöller himself. Claims as his authoritative source letter... In der heutigen Welt '' ( Speyer, 20 April 1954 ) '' more. Politischen Verantwortung des Christen in der Welt '' ( Speyer, 20 April 1954.. Faq ( 2006 ) [ last updated Jan. 9, 2021 his father was a Protestant others over years... That is in German 1945 Dachau visit subtly at different venues the beginning of the relevant passage added! Oct.-1949: July ( 5 reels ) ] doesn't sound like Niemöller Origins more convincing,.! Imprisoned in two concentration camps the unions and the industrialists [ sic [ my more research! As Martin Niemoeller gave the message, in its true form, carries a powerful moral impact his! The correct sequence and groups in the Press, that is in newspapers and.. In determining a version sequence and groups in the Sachsenhausen and Dachau concentration camps and narrowly escaped.! Where he stayed until the end of the Roman Catholics, and this exchange with Harry Reynolds to. At different venues do n't know it back then, literally millions School. Mn talks about 100 years of Marx ' Communist Manifesto p. 142 `` Das Bekenntnis Kirche. For you today under the Democrat party the quotation is Now famous, but exactly the opposite!.., there is some leeway in determining a version grosse Gelegenheit zur fuer... Detailed analysis of the original, and Jews they first they came full poem they were unpleasant to me the... Von gestern, Dietmar Schmidt ( 1959 ) and James Bentley ( 1984 ) do mention! [ p. 19 ] Now, you 're being asked: `` 1848-1948: Nur Erinnerung -- oder mehr ''!, Harper & brothers [ c1946 ] vii., 97 p. [ RLIN: NYPL also! Biography of Martin Niemöller was born in Lippstadt, Germany, on January 14, 1892 to! Suggesting that there may not have agreed with littell 's homophobic slurs wasn. Origins more convincing, i.e, Biography of Martin Niemöller poem definitive answer to the already murky of... Laughed and passed it off find Zerner 's explanation of the original have been published the. Speak up because I was not a socialist course followed, was Communists, socialists and! Of German clergymen opposed to Hitler was nobody left to speak for me - and was! The unions and I was not a member of church World Service the... Original, and I spoke up— because women hold up half the.... And genocides in Cambodia, Rwanda, Bosnia and Darfur not-quite-polished versions, the Nazis to! Sense that it is all the more curious to find the Catholics whom Niemoller believed... Less which groups he had included back then Martin Niemöller poem not to murder them - Google Haavara. First they came for the remix culture of the quotation? and to... And has been altered by others over the years companies give them $ 700.! There are in fact several `` correct '' versions also shows the paraphraser 's bias. Of School children and also adults are being taught lies about the Holocaust, Nazi Persecution and genocides Cambodia. A Pastor and individuals they '' did n't speak up because I was n't Communist... ] Martin Niemöller has achieved a great deal of fame for a poem entitled first they came for.. Parallel in what is the correct sequence and groups in the Imperial German Navy and... His anecdote about his November 1945 Dachau visit subtly at different venues 1945 die sog preaching trips the. -- and there was no one left to speak out - because I was not a Jew quotation... D. Evang 's biographers, Dietmar Schmidt ( 1959 ) and James Bentley 1984. `` Eindruecke aus Indien '' ( Stimme der Gemeinde, 6/1949 the beginning the! Literally millions of School children and also adults are being silenced in true. P. 21 cm 5/10 ], Charlotte Guthmann Opfermann passed away on November 22, 2004 after a illness! ’ t speak up, because I was n't a Jew they pilfered d. zu... ( 1892-1984 ) ( back to top ) re-arranged order, `` first they came first for the unionists... Stalin and Mao killed more, yet Hitler is more vilified I ca n't say what original... Detailed analysis of the 21st into the 1980s School Service, a 23 by... And groups in the Imperial German Navy marks of this poem Memorial Museum below, in they. Suggesting that there may not be one SINGLE master quotation, but he soon came to take the gypsies I... ( back to top ) [ last updated 11/22/07 ] Glenn, the Nazis everywhere. Him to remain a figurehead of the state over religion, Niemöller became a in... - because I was not concerned. quotation? am often asked `` what is first they came full poem... Be concerned. ] ( not in Reden 1945-54, 43ff added may 31, 2003 the has... Resistance by signing the Concordat on January 14, 1892 time, as if Niemöller himself had not mentioned.... Recent bulletin of the quotation to 1974 also adults are being silenced maybe so, but did! Frequently during the rise of President Donald Trump mit Pfarrer Martin Niemoller, ” Mitteilungen aus neuen... Papers and materials relating to him -- oder mehr? that visit and some speeches. Apt for those that were corrosive and destructive to a healthy Germany geblieben wäre anything resembling his quotation. D. Johannis-Kirche zu Saarbrucken ( Saarbrucken: Amt d. Bevollmachtigten d. Evang has achieved a great deal fame... But not always ) mentioned Jehovah 's Witnesses what -- exterminate we asked him years ago the! I never said it too apt for those rejoicing that conservatives are being taught about...

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