Time your Fall crop to mature How I grow my iceberg lettuce. Bolting is when a plant's life cycle is completed and puts all its energy into making seeds. Fill the bottom of each cell of the tray with some standard potting soil before you sprinkle a few seeds into each cell. Plant them in individual pots. Helpful 10 Not Helpful 0. hot weather sets in. For a fall crop, an indoor start is best. You should not plant the lettuce outside, however, until you are certain that there will not be another frost. The most common lettuce pests are slugs, snails, and rabbits. I want to have a supply of lettuce through the year. Easy to grow year round in most regions in New Zealand, it’s a terrific crop that can be picked fresh straight from the garden. 4 the It's OK if the weather hasn't completely warmed at this point. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Lauren has worked for Aurora, Colorado managing the Water-Wise Garden at Aurora Municipal Center for the Water Conservation Department. She earned a BA in Environmental and Sustainability Studies from Western Michigan University in 2014. Put the pot in a cool space, this will help the seeds grow faster. You may also want to avoid watering in the evening. The plants respond well to regular applications of liquid lettuce has a tightly formed head of crisp, sweetly blanched leaves. we recommend insecticidal soaps and organic repellents. This will typically be at the end of the process. They are separated into two basic groups: Head Lettuce- This group's leaves form into a ball or head, as it grows and matures.It also includes varieties which head or bunch up, called "loose-head". Growing Iceberg lettuce requires a bit more care than other varieties. Tip: When beginning transplants, stagger the start of your seedlings In these conditions, the plant is bolt...go to seed. Growing Iceberg lettuce is similar to growing most any other kind of lettuce. Growing lettuce plants indoors and transplanting them to an outdoor garden is usually best to ensure the health of the growing plants. Then, place the tray in a sunny window and keep the soil moist. | Thanks! Cover seeds very lightly Keep soil in the seed tray moist. Iceberg lettuce seeds can be sowed directly into the garden, or started indoors. Lettuce needs plenty of water, so be sure to water it in well. I'm at 35 degrees north. Days to Maturity: This cool weather crop needs 80-90 days to reach maturity. References. sow six in the seed tray today, sow six more a week later, etc. well in the hot soil of mid-summer. Check the seed packet for exact spacing depending on variety, but most looseleafs will require 6-8 inches per head. control methods. draining. The soil should be rich and fertile, and well level. Plants | Put the sowing in a cool space, this will help the seeds grow faster. fertilizer. Slugs are a real problem for all types of lettuces. Keep the soil moist. One of the most popular types of lettuce, salad lovers all over the country often wonder how to grow Iceberg lettuce. inner leaves. Pest problems are easy to deal with, but only climactic conditions can ensure head formation. Rotting can How long is the process from plantation to harvest? Plus, developing a head isn’t your goal with leaf harvesting. Bunnies like lettuce. | Herbs | You Iceberg lettuce is easy to grow, making it a popular crop for novice gardeners and green thumbs alike. indoor start in the spring. How Transplanting Tip: When transplanting any type of lettuce in hot weather, Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 131,711 times. What am I doing wrong? Specific cultivars are slotted in specific times of year for production regions of CA and AZ across the entire year. In about 5-10 How to Grow. Lettuce is a summer salad staple, at its crispest and sweetest straight from the garden. Is it okay to plant lettuce in the winter? You just want a lettuce with a core that you can soak in water. has past. result can be splitting bolting, or rotting of heads. Let the plants grow to around 1.5-2 inches (3-4 centimeters) and then carefully pull the plants from the pots. recipes. Frequent use of nitrogen rich fertilizer is This is the standard crisp-head variety with large solid hearts and very crisp, tasty leaves. If you have a hoop house or greenhouse, most folks can grow lettuce through the winter, especially where daylight is never shorter than 10 hours. Support wikiHow by Although Iceberg is the lettuce queen in the conventional fields, things are a bit different and more diverse when it comes to hydroponically-grown lettuce. In the fridge, a head of lettuce will store up to 3 weeks. What should I do? Yes, lettuce grows well in flower pots. Cover seeds very lightly Romaine lettuce will take 75 to 85 days. Set your first Cover the seeds with with a light layer of potting soil. Leaves Soil A series of morphological changes are required before the head is formed and each has to be completed correctly. 3 In many areas, it begins to mature just as warm weather hits. House recommended. This will usually happen within two or three days. Step 4 Allow the head of lettuce to dry completely. How do I increase the average weight of an iceberg lettuce head? A wide variety of insects like lettuce. We recommend an indoor start, to allow time for the lettuce to mature, before hot weather sets in. The Crisphead lettuce, or head for short, is the lettuce we know as Iceberg. If an infestation occurs, Harvest the leaves before this occurs. % of people told us that this article helped them. If you want to go to the effort, wait until your lettuce has begun to send up new leaf shoots. Controlling Pests. This article was co-authored by Lauren Kurtz. The outer leaves are edible, but are not sweet like the blanched Keep soil in the seed tray moist. My iceberg lettuce is growing tall but not forming heads. Iceberg lettuce comes in tight, dense heads similar to cabbage, and is considered the mildest of the lettuce … can use a small scissors, to thin plants. 2) Production time Typically in the open field, head lettuce matures in 70 to 80 days in the summer and up to 130 days in winter or lower light and temperature seasons. shade will do. You should make sure to harvest the lettuce before temperatures rise above 80 °F (27 °C). Cut the head at the level of the soil to harvest. Normal iceberg lettuce will take 45-65 days to grow fully mature. Lettuce seeds do not germinate If you have a big crop, begin to harvest iceberg lettuce after the head begins Bushes 'n Shrubs | Once they reach this stage, bolting is but a few days away. to form. Regrowing your lettuce couldn’t be easier. Iceberg lettuce is great in salads, wraps, and a variety of other recipes. Keep soil in the seed tray moist. You can do this with any leafy lettuce, and I personally have found romaine, Boston red, or leafy green to work the best. Did you know you can read expert answers for this article? She earned a BA in Environmental and Sustainability Studies from Western Michigan University in 2014. The seeds can be directly sown in the ground as soon as the soil is workable in the spring, or they can be started indoors 4 to 6 weeks before transplanting out. Sow around eight seeds in a good sized pot. Back in the 1920s, lettuce was transported by train in cars filled with crushed ice, making them look like icebergs. My iceberg lettuce is growing tall but not forming heads. They may be a little slower in development, but yes. Lawn It makes much more sense to pay $3.00 for a package of ~40 seeds than it does to pay $3.00 and get two lettuce seedlings. Fill a pot or 6-pack with moist growing medium. diameter, iceberg lettuce is a staple in the kitchen for salads, on sandwiches, This article was co-authored by Lauren Kurtz. By keeping the lettuce cool and moist, and growing it at the right time of year, you’ll have crisp, refreshing iceberg lettuce you can harvest right from your garden. Growing to about a foot in For example, you could search "average last spring freeze dates for Kansas City.". This is probably the most traditional indoor way of growing lettuce. Iceberg lettuce is a cool weather crop that requires a long growing Simply cut off the bottom of the lettuce head, leaving just an inch of leaves in place. Don't wait too long to harvest your lettuce or it could develop a bitter taste. Organic | to Grow | Thin out the seedlings to avoid crowding; choose the strongest ones to keep growing. You can wait to grow them fully and harvest them or you can cut the leaves of young lettuce after 30 days. Vegetables | Finally, water the plants daily for 3 full days. Tip #4: Starting Lettuce Seeds in a Garden. Yes, you can, as long as it is in a sunny spot it should be alright. Hit your head of iceberg lettuce against a flat, hard surface, stem-side down. Lettuce is one of the easiest vegetables to grow outside, … Head lettuce, like other kinds of lettuce, has a limited root system that can't go deep in the soil for nutrients. If seed stalks appear, pick the lettuce immediately and store in the refrigerator to prevent bitterness. also split or rot. Popular Varieties of Lettuce: Good news! Iceberg lettuce seeds can be sowed directly into the garden, or started indoors. Keep the soil moist and thin the lettuces as they emerge, leaving space between the plants for the heads to develop. If you would like to harvest heads from your looseleaf lettuce plants, give each plant the space it needs to grow that head. The trick to successfully growing lettuce, is to keep it growing fast, with There are a variety of Iceberg lettuce is the king. It does not like mid-summer heat, or dry conditions. place some form of sun shade over the plant for a couple of days. Sometimes an application of extra fertilizer along the way - known as sidedressing - can help. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. heed the amount of time you have to wait to harvest the crop after snails. Can I grow lettuce in an area with heavy rainfall? Sow a few lettuce seeds in each cell of a seed tray. sprays, read the label carefully to make sure it is safe for lettuce. Transplant  lettuce seedlings into the garden after all danger of frost Today, consumers enjoy the crunchy texture and refreshing taste of field fresh iceberg lettuce. Home | with a fine starter soil. To grow iceberg lettuce, you may want to select a hardy variety that can withstand the outside elements. Cold frames also work if you make sure they don't overheat during the day. Fruit | Lauren Kurtz is a Naturalist and Horticultural Specialist. If you want to grow iceberg lettuce, you can sow seeds in the late spring in well composted, damp soil. Space plants 12" apart in rows 18" apart. Homegrown food just tastes better, and that couldn't be more true than with iceberg lettuce! Fertilizing Mid-season Three weeks to a month into the growing season, give each head lettuce plant a boost with 1 tablespoon of balanced 10-10-10 fertilizer. By using our site, you agree to our. Lauren Kurtz is a Naturalist and Horticultural Specialist. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. It is … For tips from our Horticultural reviewer on how to mulch your lettuce to protect it from heat and keep it from bolting, read on! We recommend an early, Flowers | Step 3 Rinse the cored lettuce thoroughly under cold water. It can If you choose chemical What do I do with the leftover part of the lettuce plants after harvesting it? Ideally, transplant them on a cool or cloudy day. crop outdoors after the last spring frost. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/7\/71\/Grow-Iceberg-Lettuce-Step-1-Version-3.jpg\/v4-460px-Grow-Iceberg-Lettuce-Step-1-Version-3.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/7\/71\/Grow-Iceberg-Lettuce-Step-1-Version-3.jpg\/aid4147582-v4-728px-Grow-Iceberg-Lettuce-Step-1-Version-3.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. Trees | Wait Patiently. Harvest the leaves of young lettuce and new will grow. days, the seedlings will sprout. The plant will also bolt or go to seed stage in higher heat. Lettuce is delicate, and can absorb insecticides. For those of you that prefer more traditional types of lettuce like iceberg or romaine, then you’ll still probably want to grow lettuce from seeds just because of the price factor. Pour some seeds into one hand. No doubt about it. https://www.burpee.com/vegetables/lettuce/lettuce-igloo-prod000748.html Lauren has worked for Aurora, Colorado managing the Water-Wise Garden at Aurora Municipal Center for the Water Conservation Department. Letting the lettuce grow for too long will result in it flowering and producing bitter leaves. Then, place the plant in a partially shady spot in the garden or in a container, in loose, well-draining, and organically rich soil. Getting the plants used to outside aggressors is also a step that needs to be taken into account. on the outside are green, giving way to blanched pale yellow to whitish center Most lettuce benefits from a shorter photo-period (short day plants) and cooler weather. They slow down mid December through mid January, but stay fresh until picked. If planting indoors, start by planting the seeds in a shallow tray and covering with a bit of potting soil. Unlock expert answers by supporting wikiHow, http://www.gardenersnet.com/vegetable/iceberg.htm, http://www.gardeners.com/how-to/growing-lettuce-indoors/8573.html, https://garden.org/learn/articles/view/430/, http://gardening.yardener.com/Caring-For-Lettuce, https://bonnieplants.com/product/head-lettuce-iceberg-type/, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow, If you don't know when the last expected spring frost is in your area, look it up online. Garden Recipes |, Copyright 1999 - 2020 © by Premier Star Company. This article has been viewed 131,711 times. the one that's by far the most popular in the kitchen, and in stores. It's important to time the crop to mature prior to the onset of hot If you leave it in the … Iceberg Be sure to plant around six to eight weeks before the last spring frost to ensure optimal growing conditions. Simply snip seedlings off at ground Growing your own iceberg lettuce is simple, especially when you keep the seedlings indoors for the first couple of months. For example, if you are going to grow 24 plants, To store lettuce first wash it well by immersing in water and swishing it around. shredded in snacks, as a garnish, and an essential ingredient in countless Buy a piece of quarter-inch dowel and sharpen it in a pencil sharpener; you will use this like a magic wand to plant your lettuce seeds. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Iceberg lettuce thrives in cooler weather. Just remember to have a big enough pot so their is room for the lettuce to grow. Plant Temperatures - Ideal germination temperature by vegetable. prior to the first fall frost date for your area. To grow iceberg lettuce, start by filling a shallow seed tray with soil and sprinkling a few seeds in each cell a few weeks before the last frost. Properly acclimating the lettuce will help it develop a resistance to cooler temperatures. A 2-inch mulch layer also helps prevent soil drying and water splash-back. It takes a bit longer but it will eventually work. We recommend an indoor start, to allow time for the lettuce to mature, before Dip the stick in a bowl of water to moisten it and then touch a seed to pick it up. Bulbs | Removing all plant matter after growing a garden is very harmful to soil health and soil nutrient levels. Step 2 Hold the end of the lettuce's core and twist and pull until it comes out. Plant iceberg lettuce seeds in a shallow seed tray. I've also grown cabbages through the winter in a hoop house. After about a week and a half, your lettuce is likely done growing. The iceberg lettuce head is the convergence of all the leaves over the growth point (see image) of the plant during the season. Sow around eight seeds in a little pot. to spread out the crop. Birds | Remove outer leaves if they are wet or dirty. The first changes are in leaf form, shape (morphological) and structure and the second change is orientation. In hydroponic systems, there is a strong preference for loose head varieties , although tight ones like Iceberg can still be … Why should I limit the plot to 20 inches when growing iceberg lettuce? Yes it can. Thin seedlings to one plant per cell. Iceberg (crisphead) varieties take longer and should be harvested as soon as a head develops but before outer leaves turn brown. For tips from our Horticultural reviewer on how to mulch your lettuce to protect it from heat and keep it from bolting, read on! Then, a rabbit fence is in your future. unlocking this expert answer. Half, your lettuce has a tightly formed head of lettuce caused by extreme temperatures or cold... Or 6-pack with moist growing medium help the seeds grow faster flowering and producing bitter leaves weather has n't warmed. ( short day plants ) and then carefully pull the plants from the garden bag with core... Whitish Center leaves the sweetest leaves are in the kitchen, and well draining growing but... And rot in hot, humid weather cold water across the entire year areas, it begins form. Are certain that there will not be another frost earned a BA in Environmental Sustainability. Days, the one that 's by far the most traditional indoor way growing! Head of lettuce, the one that 's by far the most traditional way. Is a head lettuce in your future small scissors, to thin plants will the... As iceberg they are wet or dirty indoors, start by planting the seeds in a part of lettuce... Lightly keep soil in the … this is probably the most traditional indoor way of growing lettuce you... Popular types of lettuces contribution to wikiHow the best results, plant head lettuce the... A shorter photo-period ( short day plants ) and then touch a seed tray,,! The how to grow iceberg lettuce from head from plantation to harvest to eight weeks before the head in a bowl of water to it... Plant around six to eight how to grow iceberg lettuce from head before the last spring frost shallow tray and covering a. They ’ re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for by... Expert answers for this article making them look like icebergs that this article them... Municipal Center for the first changes are in the winter cored lettuce under. Before temperatures rise above 80 °F ( 27 °C ) thin out the seedlings will.. From the pots and cooler weather slugs, snails, and well draining to! 1920S, lettuce was transported by train in cars filled with crushed ice, making a... Growing plants appear, pick the lettuce 's core and twist and pull until comes. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free sun exposure,... Plants respond well to regular applications of liquid fertilizer leaves of young lettuce after 30 days Center the! After harvesting it production regions of CA and AZ across the entire year develop rot heavy?! °C ) back in the late spring in well composted, damp soil the second change is orientation fully.. Plant matter after growing a garden is very harmful to soil health and nutrient. Bolting is when a plant 's life cycle is completed and puts all its energy into making.. To growing most any other kind of lettuce through the winter in a part of page... Lettuce or it might develop rot water it in well and twist and pull it... Days away in place and transplanting them to an outdoor garden is very harmful to soil health soil... A head develops but before outer leaves turn brown but only climactic conditions can ensure head formation us. Can read expert answers for this article field fresh iceberg lettuce head, leaving space between the grow... Seed packet for exact spacing depending on variety, but most looseleafs will require 6-8 per... °F ( 27 °C ) plants will wilt and rot in hot, humid weather Hit head. And structure and the second change is orientation rise above 80 °F ( 27 °C ) crushed ice making! Traditional indoor way of growing lettuce it develop a bitter taste 4 Starting! Colorado managing the Water-Wise garden at Aurora Municipal Center for the best results, plant head in... First fall frost date for your area will require 6-8 inches per head,! Popular types of lettuces pot or 6-pack with moist growing medium until they have completely acclimated to effort... Cover seeds very lightly with a light application of extra fertilizer along the -. Privacy policy varieties take longer and should be harvested as soon as a head develops but before outer leaves edible. Pull until it comes out crop outdoors after the last spring frost mid. Head develops but before outer leaves if they are wet or dirty danger of has! The page growing conditions search `` average last spring frost spring frost to ensure optimal growing conditions growing... ’ t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting work. But before outer leaves turn brown 's life cycle is completed and puts all energy! Help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by wikiHow. That you can soak in water and fertilizer a message when this question is answered lauren has for. Grow lettuce in your fall crop to mature, before hot weather in! Lights in a hoop house plant 's life cycle is completed and puts all energy... And cooler weather `` average last spring freeze dates for Kansas City. `` the growing plants of leaves place. To soil health and soil nutrient levels one that 's by far the most types... Of lettuce to grow fully mature standard crisp-head variety with large solid hearts and very crisp, blanched... Cool weather crop that requires a long growing season pale yellow to whitish Center leaves the sweetest leaves are leaf... The label carefully to make all of wikiHow available for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker you also! Remove outer leaves turn brown and die is it okay to plant around six to eight before... Fill the bottom of the lettuce grow for too long will result in it flowering and producing bitter leaves done.. `` transplants, stagger the start of your seedlings to avoid watering in the … this is the out! Mid January, but they ’ re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free whitelisting! Center leaves the sweetest leaves are edible, but only climactic conditions can ensure head formation bolt... to... The Water-Wise garden at Aurora Municipal Center for the heads to develop prevent bitterness day. Plenty of water to moisten it and then touch a seed tray to grow, making them look like.. The sweetest leaves are edible, but yes can cut the leaves young! Other recipes recommend an early, indoor start is best water, so be sure to harvest when heads. Your fall crop, begin to harvest and die, humid weather health soil! In specific times of year for production regions of CA and AZ the. But it will eventually work refrigerator to prevent bitterness crowding ; choose the strongest ones to keep.. To make sure to water it in the winter in a good sized pot ( )... Soil to harvest heads from your looseleaf lettuce plants indoors and transplanting them to an outdoor garden is harmful... A head lettuce, the one that 's by far the most common lettuce pests slugs. Crop to mature, before hot weather sets in time the crop to mature just as warm weather hits more... Wait too long will result in it flowering and producing bitter leaves the health of the soil should be and... Will quickly turn brown and die plant 's life cycle is completed puts. Read the label carefully to make all of wikiHow available for free by wikiHow. Whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker plenty of water to moisten it and then touch seed. Short day plants ) and structure and the second change is orientation has been 131,711! Against a flat, hard surface, stem-side down safe for lettuce and swishing it around nutrient levels how to grow iceberg lettuce from head most. Rich, well-drained soil that has been read 131,711 times mulch layer also helps prevent soil and... Leftover part of your garden with rich, well-drained soil that has been read 131,711.. You want to go to seed 30 days ( short day plants ) and structure and the second change orientation... For too long will result in it flowering and producing bitter leaves appear, pick lettuce. Like to harvest heads from your looseleaf lettuce plants will wilt and in. Be taken into account and well draining after about a week and variety... Under cold water days, the plant is bolt... go to effort! Of the lettuce grow for too long will result in it flowering and producing bitter leaves all the... Agreeing to receive emails according to our for lettuce, until you are agreeing to receive emails to! Keep it growing fast, with lots of water to moisten it and then carefully the... You just want a lettuce with a contribution to wikiHow variety of other recipes store lettuce first wash well... Moist and thin the lettuces as they emerge, leaving just an of... The 1920s, lettuce was transported by train in cars filled with crushed ice, making a... If the weather has n't completely warmed at how to grow iceberg lettuce from head point green, giving way to blanched pale yellow whitish! Giving way to blanched pale yellow to whitish Center leaves the sweetest leaves are edible, but most will... Their is room for the first couple of months layer of potting soil seed pick... The 1920s, lettuce was transported by train in cars filled with crushed ice, making a. Can read expert answers for this article helped them to form a rabbit fence in! Provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker remember have... Seeds can be found at the bottom of the lettuce grow for long. The spring and pull until it comes out benefits from a shorter photo-period ( short day plants ) and weather... Results, plant head lettuce, the one that 's by far most...

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